Sustainable Development at the National Level
The sustainable development concept represents an alternative model of societal development to the dominant industrial economy. It reflects the natural environmental limits to economic growth; policies based on the concept promote the harmonisation of economic and societal development with the ecosystem capacities, conservation of natural values and biological diversity for the present and future generations. The classic 1987 definition in the UN World Commission on Environment and Development Report (so-called Brundtland Report) says: “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs and without detriment to other peoples.”
The historically first Sustainable Development Strategy of the Czech Republic (CR SDS) was approved by Government Resolution no. 1242 of 8 December 2004 as a long-term framework for political decision-making in the context of the international commitments made by the Czech Republic in connection with its membership in the EU, OECD and UN, while respecting the specific conditions of the Czech Republic. On 11 January 2010 the Government adopted by its Resolution No. 37 the updated Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Czech Republic under the title "Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic".
Czech Government Council for Sustainable Development (GCSD)
The Government Council for Sustainable Development (the "Council") was established by Government Resolution No 778 of July 30, 2003 as a standing advisory, initiative and coordinating body of the Government of the Czech Republic in the domains of sustainable development and strategic management. The first Statute of the Council was adopted by Government Resolution No 836 of August 6, 2003. In 2006 the Council and its secretariat was moved to the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. The Council and its horizontal, inter-sectoral importance were fully re-established and the Council was moved back to the Government’s Office (Department of Sustainable Development of the Office of the Government) by Government Resolution No. 434 of June 9, 2014.
The GSCD serves as the main body for inter-sectoral coordination of: the relevant policies among central administrative authorities; development of the strategic framework ‘Czech Republic 2030’ and its reviews; the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation; biannual reporting on the implementation of the sustainable development strategy in the Czech Republic and monitoring of indicators; methodological coordination of conceptual documents.